Treatment for gallstones

If you have gallstones without symptoms, you do not require treatment but  we recommend you have your gallbladder removed if you are having frequent gallbladder attacks,an operation called a cholecystectomy. Surgery to remove the gallbladder—a nonessential organ—is one of the most common surgeries performed on adults in the United States

Cholecystectomy means the surgical removal of the gallbladder. This is usually performed with keyhole surgery (minimally invasive surgery) - a small incision is made. However, sometimes keyhole surgery is not possible for about 10% of patients, who need open cholecystectomy. With open cholecystectomy a large cut is made in the patient's abdomen. Patients who undergo open surgery require a longer hospital stay and recovery time. If a patient's gallbladder is severely inflamed he/she will require open surgery.

Ultrasonic shock waves are aimed at the gallstones which break them up. If they become small enough they can then pass safely in the patients stools. This type of treatment is uncommon and is only ever used when there are few gallstones present.
Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL) is the use of sound waves to break up the kidney stones. It is by far the least invasive surgical technique and can be the ideal approach, depending on stone size and location. It has traditionally carried lower stone free rates for larger stone, though. The procedure is typically an outpatient one.